Everyone knows that the farthest desk in the school class is called Kamchatka. Yes, indeed, the Kamchatka Territory is very far from the central regions of Russia. This is not just the Far East, it is much further than Vladivostok and Khabarovsk, and you can only get here by plane or by sea.
Kamchatka is a peninsula stretched from north to south. From the north it borders on Chukotka, from the west it is washed by the Sea of Okhotsk, to the east from Kamchatka towards Alaska through the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean the Commander Islands stretch, and to the south towards Japan - the chain of Kuril Islands. The area of the peninsula is quite large and can be compared with many European countries, it is 1200 km long and 470 km at the widest part of the peninsula. The regional center, the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is located at the latitude of Lipetsk, but in terms of climate, this region is closer to the extreme north, the reason for this is the cold ocean current.
Kamchatka is primarily a country of volcanoes and geysers. There are more than 300 volcanoes on the peninsula, of which more than 30 are active. Volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka is the largest in Eurasia, its height is 4800 m. A huge number of hot springs are even used for industrial purposes - this is heating of greenhouses and entire villages, as well as two geothermal power plants that convert the energy of the earth's subsoil into electrical energy. It was in Kamchatka that the film «Sannikov Land» was shot, in the famous Valley of Geysers. And on the lunar landscape under the volcano Tolbachik, Soviet moon rovers were tested.
The fish reserves of the Kamchatka Territory are of world importance, not without reason the outlines of the peninsula reminds the huge fish swimming in the world ocean. This is the only region where all 6 species of Pacific salmon live. Salmon is the main diet of the Kamchatka brown bear - the largest in Russia, but fortunately more friendly than the American grizzlies. There are huge rookeries of marine mammals (walrus, sea lions, fur seal, seal, sea otter), orcas and sperm whales live in the water area. Bird bazaars are an indispensable attribute of rocky coasts.
About a third of Kamchatka territory is occupied by specially protected natural objects - these are 3 reserves, 5 natural parks, 8 reserves of federal significance and 23 - local, 108 nature monuments. Six sites are included in the list of UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage, and the Valley of Geysers has been recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of Russia. Many Kamchatka plants and animals are listed in the Red Book.
More recently, Kamchatka was closed for free visits, and even the Russians needed a special pass or an invitation, not to mention foreigners. In 1991, the peninsula became open to all and tours to Kamchatka began to gain popularity. Now tens of thousands of tourists from all over the world come here every year. People go to Kamchatka to fish in plenty, watch bears in their natural habitat, look into the crater of an active volcano, swim in hot springs, conquer another peak, test themselves on a hike, take a break from office routine and megalopolis among primeval nature.
Kamchatka is an unforgettable place where you want to return more than once!